Goal setting is tricky. They need to be realistic and flexible but at the same time have an amount of certainty otherwise you could just keep pushing them back.
I love the Herm Edwards quote “a goal without a plan is a wish.”
What you want to do is have a goal then develop a plan to obtain that goal. The plan is the action you need to get you there.
Suppose you want to get certified in SDTS. Then you would set a plan to train in the Modules at a pace you can handle. You also need to be willing to adjust your plan based on your current needs.
If your plan is to train 3 times a week for 45 minutes and one week you become sick or work gets out of hand – no problem, adjust our plan accordingly.
So in essence there are 3 functions: